Friday, March 31, 2006

 

NaRy's NMAI Diary Entry


Mar. 15, we had a field trip to the National Museum of the American Indian. We met at a shuttle bus stop at school at 9. About 10 after 9, all of my class mates were gathered, so we were start. In the metro I, Ozgecan, Boram, Iman, and Lun were sat close. We were talked about many things. Especially I talked about North and South Korea with Ozgecan. Trip took almost 1 hour. And we were approached the museum.

When I saw the museum, I was very delighted. It looks a huge and tender rock. Maybe it had erosion from wind for a long time. It is stuck pieces of artificial rocks, but it looks a big rock. It was interesting

In the museum, there were many categories about tribes in continent of America. I focused on Quechua in Peru. They were part of Inka, so they have proud. In their beliefs, whole world is constructed by pair things. Eyes are pair, ears are pair, and even nose has pair of nostrils. That's why they don't accept unarranged people. After lunch, I saw an exhibit about now days of Native Americans. There were lots of exhibits about their life styles. It was so interesting because mixing modern things and old things is occurred every place. In case of Korea, many old things are mixed with modern things. But unfortunately many good old things are getting disappeared. I hope that Indian’s traditional things are not do like that.

We had lunch at Mitsitam Café. I sat with Nina, Ozgecan, Iman, Boram, Maira, Lun, and Ali. All of us are ate different foods, so very fun. I ate burrito but it wasn’t delicious. In its inside there was just potato.

After lunch, I went to second stairs, but there was just store. I just looked but didn’t buy anything because so expensive. I and Boram went to out of the museum, and went other museum. We went to a Japanese photographer’s exhibition. He took a lot of picture. I don’t understand something, but I love other paints. There were many kinds of paints and figures. Some of them were famous. Anyway, when I went to out, I was full of happiness. I went to home by metro. The way home I was satisfied. I learned lots of things, and I saw lots of things, and I felt lots of things.


Wednesday, March 29, 2006

 

LUN's NMAI diary entry

A NICE TIME AT THE INDIAN MUSEUM

This morning, I met with other classmates at Stamp Union bus stop around 9 am. Then we all took a bus to the College Park Metro Station. We had to take the Green Line which would go to L'Enfant Plaza station. Luckily, after I entered the train, there were plenty of seats. I sat with Nari who is Korean and Ozgecan who is Turkish. In the meantime, I was bored, so I counted 11 stops to the destination. Then I looked around, and I saw there were many people taking a nap. I guess those people probably hadn’t gotten enough sleep. Anyway, after 40 minutes of travel time, we arrived at our destination. We walked about 10 minutes to the National Museum of the American Indian. I saw the U.S Capitol, but it’s kind of far away. Next time I get a chance, I will go to visit the U.S. Capitol.

The first impression I got from the American Indian Museum is that it was like a mountain. It is 4 floors high.

When I entered the museum, my task was to learn about Yup-Ik. The Yup-Ik people live in Alaska, and they are Eskimos. When their children catch their first animal, they have a ceremony for the children. And they serve ice cream for this important ceremony. I think the ceremony expresses family’s love.

We had lunch in the museum. I noticed that they had traditional Indian food. I ate lunch with Nari and Ali around 12:15pm. I ordered a buffalo burger, but I didn’t like it. The reason I ordered it was because it contained less fat than beef. It could be a healthy food for me. After lunch, I went to see a short movie for 10 minutes.

I left the museum around 2 pm. We walked to L'Enfant Plaza station, and took the Green Line to the College Park Metro Station. Then I went back home. I feel it was a interesting day. I had a good time today.

 

Ozgecan's NMAI Diary Entry

On March 15, our class went to the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, DC. On that morning, we met at the bus stop which is located in front of the Stamp Student Union. We took the shuttle bus, and when we arrived at the metro station, we took the metro to go there. I sat with NaRy on the metro. We talked about similarities between Turkey and Korea. The trip took around 40 minutes. There was nothing to see except metro station names during the metro ride because we were under the ground. While we were walking to the museum, I saw the Capitol. Actually, last summer, I was in Washington, DC, and I saw this building and also some museums at that time.

Before we went there, we talked about the museum and its architecture in the class. I think the building was nice, but I couldn't see any interesting things about architecture. We entered the museum through a side door, which was not the main door, so we couldn't see the other side of the building, but our teachers suggested that we look at it later. After lunch, I went there, but I think it was nothing special.

The museum has 4 floors. Our assignment was on the 4th floor, so we started from these floor. When we were climbing the stairs, I saw some boats on the main floor. I saw a reflection of a light--like a small rainbow-- on the wall. Maybe it was because of the sunlight which was coming from a sky light in the roof. In "Our Universes", I focused on the "Q'eq'chi" tribe. They live in Guatemala. They have four cardinal directions: North, South, East, and West. Each of them has different colors and meanings. North is white, and they offer prayers toward the north. East is red, and where the sun rises, it is the region of light and blood and a source of happiness. The sun is very important for them because it gives them life and strength. Every morning, they greet the Lord Sun. South is yellow, and it represents human beings in nature and in society. It was the birthplace of water. The believe that they are composed of water, and it is part of their life. West is black, and it is related to death and darkness. They believe that they need a little light to see their way in the dark, but the dark is also as important as light. They say that the sun, water, stars, planets, and the other things in the universe were left them by their grandparents. The most interesting thing for me is that I saw a word on one of the exhibits. It was "Su", and it means water gourd. In Turkish, water means "su". It was really interesting for me.

At the Mitsitam Cafe, I sat with Eman, NaRy, Boram, Lun and my teacher Nina. The foods are very strange to me. I had difficulity choosing food, but then I ate something which is a kind of mashed patatoes with spice. It was delicious. After our field trip, I went somewhere else in DC. I had to deal with one of my Turkish friend's phone account. After I solved her problem, I went back to the University for International Coffee Hour. I really like Coffee Hours.It was fun again. After that, some friends and I stayed on campus a little bit more. Then, I came home. The day was very interesting, fun, beneficial, and tiring for me. I felt good at the end of the day.

 

Maira's NMAI diary entry

News about a trip to the American Indian museum made our class happy. I met my classmates at the museum. I got on the metro alone and changed trains at Metro Center. As I waited for another train, I asked an American family with children what metro station I needed to get off at for the American Indian museum. They explained everything for me. It took half an hour to get there. What did I see during the metro ride? I usually read or do exercises in my grammar book, but for a while I looked at the people in the train. They are different and interesting, I remember nobody on that train, except for the American father with teenage sons, and he was kind and polite. The walk to the museum was shot, but windy after two blocks I could see an unusual building.

The building of the museum is a real gift from modern American citizens to the American Indians. The architecture is majestic and beautiful. I liked the walls like old natural rocks, they were undulating and beige, my favorite color. People called the building The People Way. It is true, it looks like the uneven rough way of people through life. Probably, this is the beginning of the history of a big country today and their principles, many of them came from American Indians, such the preservation of the environment and freedom.

We went to the fourth floor, looked at exhibits, and wrote something; Kim took pictures. My first impression from seeing the inside of the museum was a giant quiet area to relax in. I saw people sitting there around a long ancient wood boat. However, I was late and hurried to the fourth floor to learn about the Mapuche. I visited their exhibit in “Our Universes.” The Mapuche live in small communities in southern Chile. Their lives are guided by spiritual leaders, called machis, and political leaders, called longkos. They struggle to keep their traditional lands and culture. The Mapuche are healers, spiritiual leaders, counselors and servants of their communities. They do not choose their calling; it comes to them in dreams. They are mediators between gods and people, ancestors and the living, sickness and health. Their language is Mapudungun, which means “speech of the land.” I saw objects for rituals: male belts, masks, dolls, blankets, pitchers, cups, bowls and medical plants such as wild cinnamon, laurel and bamboo. Machis play kultrura (drums) during many rituals. There are many lines. Each line has a special meaning like south, north, east, west. The lines intersect in the center, where the Mapuche live. Their basic belief is positive events come from the south and negative events come from the north.

After lunch I went to the third floor, where I watched a short documentary film about the life of modern American Indians. They use new tools to move and to catch fish. They live in small houses. An old man told about difficulties, social and political states, and the climate in the north.
In the Mitsitam Café, we enjoyed Indian national food. There were a lot of new names of dishes, so it was difficult to choose something to eat. I bought the nation fry bread, which looks like Kazak bread and a salad from wild rice with vegetable oil. All of us sat together at one table: Nina, Ozgecan, Eman, Boram, Nary, Lun, Ali and I. I noticed water falling from upstairs through a window, but at that moment I didn’t think of the museum’s landscaping.

After the museum visit, I decided to take a bus to see the downtown through the bus window. I still can be disoriented in the city. It took one hour to get home. I was sleepy and tired, but I was happy have discovered a new interesting place in Washington and to learn so much about American Indian. I had a really good time with my teachers and classmates.

 

Mohammed's NMAI diary entry

Last week I had field trip with my class to the National Museum of the American Indian. I met the class at the Bus stop. We took the shuttle to the Metro station. I sat with my teacher, Nina. The trip took almost 25 minutes. Then we walked from the Metro station to the museum.

The museum is not very big, but the designed is very good. It is obvious that the building is a traditional place. I think the architecture is very suitable and is similar to the old architecture.

In the museum, I saw many tools that were used in the past and many traditional clothes. My tribe’s name was Hupa. The Hupa people had three calendars rock called ch'ixochwe that sat in front of the church. One of the calendar rocks marks the 13 months. The ch'ixochwe rocks teach that the Hupa must do certain things each month, Out of respect for the k'ixanay (ancestors).

Hupa people believe that when they leave the world, all the ancestors go to a place where they dance forever. They have three dances. The first one is the White Deer Skin Dance. It is a plea for abundant harvest. They think it brings harmony back to them. The second one is the Brush Dance. It is a healing ceremony. They think the Brush Dance brings good luck. The third one is the Jump Dance. It is a ceremony to ward off misfortune. They think it drives bad things away. At lunch time, I left the museum and had lunch outside the museum. After that I went home by Metro. I had a good time in the museum. I hope to return to the museum because I am interested in history.

 

Boram's NMAI diary entry

I met the class at school at 9:00, and we went to the metro station by shuttle bus. On the metro, I sat with Eman. It took about 40 minutes. During the metro ride, I looked out the window and took pictures with my friends. After we rode metro, we walked to the museum. On the way, I saw many signal lamps and the capitol.

When we arrived at the museum, I was surprised to see the form of the museum. The outside architecture was in the form of waves. It was unusual and interesting.

After we saw the outside architecture, we went inside the museum. As soon as I went inside the museum, I saw the prisms. At that time, the sun was not out, so we didn’t see the rainbow. We went up to the 4th floor. On the 4th floor, I focused on the Lakota, a Native American because I had an assignment about them. I learned that the Lakota people believe everything is inside a sacred circle, the Hocoka. Most interesting point was the directions. The directions of four have different colors and meanings. The west is associated with black, and it means spring and generosity. The south is associated with white, and it means winter, elders, wisdom, and all animals. The east is associated with yellow, and it means fall and adulthood. The north is associated with red, and it means summer and youth. It was very interesting for me.

After we went around the museum, we went to the 1st floor. There is a cafeteria called the Mitsitam café. We ate lunch there. At lunch, I sat with friends and my teacher and ate a burrito and drank orange juice. It was a good time. While I was eating, I saw many people and foods. It is very various and unique.

After lunch time, I went to other museums with Nary. One was the Hirshhorn Museum and the other was the African Art Museum. I liked the Hirshhorn Museum a lot. There were pictures and drawings. I also liked the African Art Museum. But I was very tired at that time, so I didn’t see all the exhibits. I thought that I would go again and see everything.

After I went around the 3 museums, I came back home by metro and shuttle bus. At the end of the day, I thought that it had been fun.

 

Abdulrahman's opinion essay

Acupuncture is at the same time an ancient therapy and a modern one. It was discovered by Chinese people 3000 years ago. Acupuncture needles were originally from animal bones. The Chinese used acupuncture to heal some problem such as headaches. They have to put the needles in definitive points that are scattered in the body. Acupuncture has many benefits and can be effective, but not all the time because there are many diseases that acupuncture can’t cure, so people must choose another method such as surgery.

There are many patients who use acupuncture, but only a few of them find it to be effective, while the rest have to have surgery. There are many people who have ailments and they use acupuncture, and there are people who do not want to use conventional treatment, so they use it. But acupuncture is not a substitute for surgery. For example, last year my uncle had a slipped disk and went to a doctor who diagnosed him and advised him to use acupuncture. He tried acupuncture and it was effective at first. After months, he tried it again and it wasn’t effective, so he had surgery to heal himself.

In conclusion, acupuncture is a good cure method for some ailments, but not for every ailment and not all the time, so I advice everyone to go to a doctor before he decide to try acupuncture.

 

Abdulla's opinion essay

Acupuncture

Acupuncture is one of the oldest, most commonly used medical procedures in the world. It is discovered by chines before along time. It is a kind of needle that puts in certain point in human body. It is called oriental medicine or traditional Chinese medicine. When my friend was eight years old he suffered from many health problems such as headache and back pain, but when he used acupuncture he feel well. So I believe that acupuncture is an effective treatment because my friend used it and it was effective.

Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese treatment. It is inserting needles at special points on the body to balance the opposing forces. There is an energy called chi that is believed to permeate all things. It is believed to flow through the body along fourteen main pathways called meridians. There are five hundred specific points where needles are to be inserted for specific effects.

Acupuncture has many benefits and special ways to cure the ailments. It is treats the human body as a whole that involves several things such as obesity insomnia and headaches. In western medicine, headaches treat by medicines such as aspirin, in eastern medicine they use the acupuncture and they prick these needles on the human body. Last few years my friend was suffering headache and back pain but when he used acupuncture he felt well.

Acupuncture is main part of conventional treatment. The modern science confirms that is important to heal a lot of aliment like headaches and back pain. And if you suffer headache or back pain my advice to you that you should take acupuncture remedy. And I think I will use the acupuncture because I have an insomnia and acupuncture can be effective for cure that .




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Class Field Trip to the NMAI

On March 15, we went to the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, D.C. The students' homework was to write a journal entry about what they had seen and done on the field trip.

Saturday, March 18, 2006

 

Ozgecan's Opinion Essay

Reiki

Reiki comes from Japanese culture, and it treats the whole person including body, emotions, and mind. There is an energy in the world, and people just help to transfer it to treat a person or themselves. They don't use their own energy while they use Reiki. Reiki uses the power of positive emotions to heal certain conditions effectively.

Reiki is an alternative medicine which is used by some doctors in their hospitals. This kind of non-conventional method is usualy not accepted by scientists, but some doctors believe that Reiki is a very effective way to heal someone, and they accept it as a complementary medicine. All around the world, there are many hospitals which perform Reiki, there are many scientists who research about Reiki, and there are many institutes or academies which teach Reiki. Reiki also doesn't work alone. It works with conventional medicine, and it acknowledges that conventional medicine is important.

Reiki is a simple and natural method for healing that everyone can use and benefit from it. If someone's "life force energy" is low, then he/she is more likely to get sick or feel stressed, and if it is high, he/she feels happier and healthier. There are 7 places in the human body called "Chakras" and they have different colors. Reiki is used for the sick chakra. If you want to learn how to use Reiki, you must take some classes. These classes are broken down into 3 parts. I took the beginning part of Reiki classes. I can use it for myself or another person. I think it is effective for stomachaches, headaches, feeling weak or accidents. For example, at times when I fall down, I use Reiki, and my arm or my leg doesn't bruise. It has happened to me many times. But I think these kinds of remedies are risky because some people become obsessed with them, and they become strange. Therefore, I don't want to get too involved, but I can say that Reiki is effective for some illnesses.

These kinds of treatments proved that the human mind has a significant effect on human health. I think it is all about positive emotions. I believe positive emotions affect our health. When you think positively, your life becomes better. Reiki is also about positive emotions. It teaches us to look positively at life. I believe the human mind has this ability. I think this is not just belief anymore; it has been proved by scientists.

(Source: www.reikiturk.com/yeni/)

Thursday, March 16, 2006

 

Boram's opinion essay

Acupuncture has been used for 3000 years in China and Korea and even today, people use acupuncture. In Korea, we usually use acupuncture when we have a digestive upset. We pierce the fingers and it helps our blood circulation. This is a natural and harmless method. The method is piercing the sick part of the body with needles. I believe that acupuncture is effective.
Acupuncture has a long history in Asia. We don’t know exactly when acupuncture started. We just guess that acupuncture started several thousand years ago. In ancient Korean books, the data say that already 3000 years ago acupuncture was being used in the northern provinces of Korea. But I think that the original start was the time when the first humans appeared the earth and our ancestors made acupuncture by themselves. Because when we are sick, we naturally press on the diseased part of the body with our finger. I think that this was how acupuncture started.

Acupuncture is still a popular treatment today and can be more effective than conventional western medicines in treating certain conditions. It has even spread to western countries. In western countries, it is used because acupuncture cures some diseases that western medicine doesn’t cure. Today, acupuncture uses many methods from diet to prohibition of smoking. It pierces special parts of the body. It can also help us to control appetite and smoking. It is simple, harmless and effective.

In the past, acupuncture was used just in Asia. But today, acupuncture is used from Asia to America. There are many people around the world who use acupuncture to heal diseases. It is clear that acupuncture is effective and harmless. It is totally natural. These days, acupuncture incorporates many methods. We have to study and develop acupuncture and invent many methods and spread it to other nations.

 

Nary's Opinion Essay

In the world, there are so many nations and folk remedies. Some countries have acupuncture, and some countries have massage. In case the of acupuncture, it is recognized by experts of many countries. But alimento therapy is very localized, so it doesn’t get any recognition. Alimento therapy is a kind of folk remedy. It uses common and natural food for healing illness. It is very useful in your life. Many people use it because it is easy and safe. Usually people learn of it by word of mouth. In that process, ancestors' wisdom was added and added. So alimento therapy suits local people. However, we should use it very carefully because it is also a kind of treatment. It is best to use alimento therapy with conventional treatment or the advice of experts.

Alimento therapy works slowly because it heals by changing your physical constitution. Changing their physical constitution, patients won’t get the same illness. Of course it is very effective for patients. Some people use a specific food for several years. However, if you use only alimento therapy, you will suffer from your illness for a longer time.

Every food has its own characteristics. For example, ginseng has hot characteristic, so fat and hot people shouldn’t consume a lot of it. Green tea has cold characteristic, so thin and weak people shouldn’t use it much. Therefore, when you use alimento therapy, you should follow the advice of someone who has much experience. You can also be advised by a Chinese medicine practitioner.

Alimento therapy may not always work, but it is convenient to use and sometimes very effective, so if you use it in conjunction with conventional therapy and with the advice of experts, you will be better soon.

 

Lun's Opinion Essay

Acupuncture is a Chinese therapy that has been used for centuries. Some times the acupuncture is effective. At other times it is not. Before you use the acupuncture treatments, you should have a correct diagnosis, and you should consult with your doctor. Acupuncture is dangerous if people don’t have a proper diagnosis and want to rely on acupuncture alone.

Acupuncture is a Chinese therapy that has been used for centuries. It is based on a theory that there is energy in people’s bodies called chi. Chi causes energy to flow through pathways called meridians. People believe that a blocking or imbalance at any point along the pathway may result in illness. Traditional Chinese medicine practitioners believe that acupuncture unblocks and rebalances the flow of chi, and then people can be restored to health.

Acupuncture treatment is effective for many functional diseases, such as sleeplessness, functional headache, and muscle stiffness. It is acknowledged that acupuncture is effective for such conditions. In China, people have used the treatment for centuries and they think it is effective. Some of acupuncture treatments have been proved by scientists, but many have not. Now, in China, doctors direct people to use it if they want.

Before the treatment the patient must have a diagnosis and the doctor will judge whether acupuncture is appropriate for the disease or not.. Acupuncture treatment is not appropriate in many organic diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes, because the conventional treatment is more effective than acupuncture. Cancer and other malignant tumors are organic diseases. If you rely only on acupuncture, you will miss the chance to cure cancer by conventional treatment, in the early stages. Of course, it is acknowledged that the acupuncture is effective against many side effects of conventional treatment like nausea and sleeplessness.

Acupuncture is a good treatment, but it is not a cure-all, just as conventional treatment isn’t. It is dangerous if people don’t have a diagnosis and want to rely on acupuncture alone, because they can’t know what is happening in their body. Before you use acupuncture, you should have a correct diagnosis, and you should consult with your doctor.


 

Maira's Opinion Essay

Fasting's Miracles

History tells us that fasting (i.e., complete abstention from food) was recommended by the great religions of Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism and has being a part of them. Fasting is one of most important and most misunderstood ways to keep health and to recover health. Fasting is an ancient treatment, the instinctive therapy for many illnesses, and a great tool for preventing disease. Choosing healthful foods, chewing well, and maintaining good colon function minimize our need for fasting.

If the body can’t heal itself, then nothing can heal it. Doctors do not heal; medicines do not heal; only the body heals itself. The body always knows best what it needs and what to do. My friend Galina Bazarova, who has worked as a doctor for many years, said once, “I can say from experience that I am not aware of any other healing tool that can be so effective as fasting.“
American world-famous doctor Paul Bragg wrote about nutrition and the medicinal fasting in health recovery. Several books, that have been written by him talk about his system of health recovery and the prolongation of life. His works have a world reputation. He demonstrates the effect of fasting in his own life. In his famous book The Miracle of Fasting, he said, “I believe in my program of fasting, it proved its effect on me, on my family, on my friends and on thousands people from the world. You can imagine how my body relaxes when I fast 75 days a year.”

The idea of abstention from food to heal sickness is very simple. That is why physicians have no respect for it. Today many people can talk about their results from fasting. Fasting treated incurable sicknesses such as leprosy, heart disease, anemia, Bright’s disease, nephritis, stomach ulcer, pyorrhea, sinusitis, and the common cold. All of them are relieved and made a complete recovery by fasting. To treat a cold, you need to fast for one to four days. Of course, many people are afraid of fasting. “How can I work?” one asks, or “How can I keep balance if I stop eating?” another worries. Certainly, each person feels a fit of hunger, but this state doesn’t last a long time. One person feels it only the first two days, and another one feels it five days. The most popular form of fasting is taking only water or fasting includes the use of fresh juices made from fruits and vegetables as well as herbal teas. After some time, they feel a sense of lightness and well-being.

Fasting is one of the best overall healing methods because it can be applied to so many conditions and people. I have read a lot of books about fasting. Animals instinctively fast when ill. In Kazakhstan, many people have learned this nonconventional treatment from books, such as those written by Malakhov, who cured himself of many diseases by fasting. I am sure every family in my country has his books and use his advice to heal themselves. People are tired of using many different chemical drugs in whose benefit they don’t believe.

Fasting can really work miracles. I know many people in my country, as well as in Russia and China, cured themselves of malignant breast cancer by correctly using a juice fast. Scientific research shows that long lived cultures like the Tarahumara Indians of Mexico and the Abkhazian of Georgia, who live on a low calorie diet and fast 1-2 days out of the week, lived to be on average 100-110 years old. The miracle benefits of fasting using the correct methods have been shown many times to cure illness, to help people lose weight, look younger, feel better, and even live longer.

Tuesday, March 07, 2006

 

Assignment 2: Opinion essay

In this unit, you learned that an essay is a group of paragraphs about a topic. The first paragraph is the introduction, and the final sentence of the introduction is called the thesis statement. A thesis statement expresses the topic and controlling idea of an essay, just as a topic sentence expresses the topic and controlling idea of a paragraph.

After the introduction, an essay has one or more body paragraphs, each with its topic sentence. The body paragraphs provide support for the thesis statement.

An essay finishes with a conclusion, which restates the thesis in a different way and offers a solution, makes a prediction, or gives advice to the reader. The conclusion should provide the reader with a sense of closure.

Your assignment was to write an essay about a non-conventional medical treatment, expressing your opinion about its effectiveness and/or safety. You wrote at least three drafts before writing your final paper. In this blog, you are going to post your final essays after incorporating my grammar corrections.

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